On January 8, 2002, President George W. Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. This Act, which redefines the federal role in K - 12 education, is the most sweeping reform of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) since it was enacted in 1965. There are four main principles of the law:
- stronger accountability for results
- increased flexibility and local control
- expanded options for parents
- an emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work
Research has shown that students from lower socioeconic environments do not perform as well academically as their peers. The NCLB Act strives to close that achievement gap, and the Title I grant program supports thats process by helping to ensure that all students have opportunities to achieve their highest academic potential. The Title I Handbook provides a more defined explanation of the overall program.
Section 1114 of NCLB Act: Schoolwide Programs
Title I funds may be used in combination with other Federal, State, and local funds in order to upgrade the entire educational program of a school. However, funds allocated to the Title I program may not be used to fund other programs. Any school in the DeSoto County Schools system generating funds through the Title I program with at least 75 percent of the students from low-income familes will be served by Title I services. Then within the elementary gradespan, schools with a percent of low-income students between 45 and 74 percert are eligible for Title I services. All Title I schools in DeSoto County operate schoolwide programs.